Resources and Studies

This Resources and Studies section contains key projects and studies completed by Regional Planning in recent years. Although this is not a comprehensive list, if you do not see the project you are looking for please contact to request further information or resources.



Knotweed Best Management Practices - August 202117782210/6/2021 4:37:30 PM7110 to regions in Asia, knotweeds were first introduced to British Columbia in 1901 as a cultivated horticultural specimen (Barney 2006). In the last few decades knotweeds have gained attention as one of the 100 worst invasive species in the world (Lowe, Browne and Boudjelas 2000). They are included as one of the top ten invasive species for control in BC (Invasive Species Council of British Columbia 2017) and they are high priority species for management in the Metro Vancouver region.
Himalayan Blackberry Best Management Practices - August 202116796110/6/2021 4:38:14 PM3148 blackberry was first introduced in British Columbia in the nineteenth century as a berry crop, but has more recently been recognized as an invasive species. Academic institutions, government, and non-government organizations continue to study this species in British Columbia.
Help Stop the Spread of Invasive Plants - Brochure1775062/3/2023 1:47:11 PM1432 plants have been introduced to this region from other continents. Some of these plants are considered ‘invasive’ because the predators and diseases from their native regions are not here to keep them under control, so they spread rapidly and can cause many problems.
English Holly Fact Sheet - August 20212428129/16/2021 12:57:51 PM437 to Europe, northern Africa and Asia, English holly can grow in a variety of environments. This hardy plant spreads both by roots and seeds that are easily moved by birds, which make it a serious threat to forests. Unfortunately, many garden centres still sell English holly as a garden or hedge plant.
Knotweeds Fact Sheet - August 20212428459/30/2021 12:47:29 AM1438 are aggressive plants that were introduced from regions in Asia. They are some of the most destructive invasive plants in the world and are considered a high priority to manage.
Yellow Flag Iris Best Management Practices - August 202114454610/6/2021 4:42:42 PM1632 flag iris was introduced to North America from the temperate regions of Eurasia as an ornamental wetland plant in the early 1900s.
Spurge Laurel Fact Sheet - June 202251356/3/2022 11:54:57 AM1187 laurel, an evergreen shrub from Eurasia, northern Africa and the Mediterranean regions, was introduced to North America as a garden plant. It is long-lived, able to spread long distances by seed, and commonly found growing in gardens or under trees in forests.
Scotch Broom Best Management Practices - August 202121412710/5/2021 6:02:50 PM1889 broom is native to Mediterranean Europe and was introduced on Vancouver Island as an ornamental plant in the 1850s (Graham n.d.). It was subsequently intentionally planted along highways to stabilize the soil with its deep roots (King County 2008). In recent years it has been recognized as an invasive species locally. Academic institutions, government, and non-government organizations continue to study this species in British Columbia.
Sensitive Ecosystem Inventory for Metro Vancouver and Abbotsford - Technical Report (2014)712262/28/2023 2:51:17 PM136 Sensitive Ecosystem Inventory (SEI) was conducted for Metro Vancouve and Abbotsford from January 2010 – May 2012. The project was initiated in response to the need for up-to-date, standardized ecological information for the entire region to support future decision making.
Metro Vancouver Social Equity and Regional Growth - Equity Indicator Maps Update (2021 Census)815023/24/2023 3:17:58 PM599 22 Equity Indicator Maps are an update to the Inequity Baseline Data Report. These maps use 2021 census data and visually presents spatial data for 22 indicators relevant to the relationship between social equity and growth management.
Giant Hogweed Best Management Practices - August 202117782110/5/2021 5:50:42 PM1518 hogweed is a target for eradication and education in the region due to the health risk associated with direct contact. The Invasive Species Council of Metro Vancouver (ISCMV) has identified giant hogweed as a top-ten invasive species for management in the region.
English Holly Best Management Practices - August 202115407410/6/2021 4:40:57 PM5910 to Europe, northern Africa and Asia, English holly (Ilex aquifolium) is prized and grown for its bright red berries and spiny, dark green evergreen foliage. It has been widely used in gardens and is still farmed commercially for decorations, floral arrangements and as a landscape plant in the Pacific Northwest. Holly is grown on farms on Vancouver Island, the Sunshine Coast and the Fraser Valley.
English and Irish Ivies Best Management Practices - August 202115407610/6/2021 4:41:29 PM2200 ivy (Hedera helix) and Irish ivy (Hedera hibernica)are native to Europe and western Asia. English ivy was introduced to North America during the earliest days of colonialism (Centre for Agriculture and Bioscience International, 2018) and has become increasingly problematic in natural and human-altered landscapes throughout the Metro Vancouver region. Ivy spreads vegetatively and by seed and it tolerates a wide range of soil, moisture and light conditions. It is still commonly grown and sold as an ornamental plant and valued for its hardy, attractive, evergreen groundcover. Ivy’s ability to take over forest understories, suppress the growth of native species, and alter the tree canopy makes it a serious invader.
Metro Vancouver Tree Regulations Toolkit (With Appendices)1103936/2/2021 1:50:36 PM1043 Toolkit is a resource for municipal staff, decision makers and other practitioners, including planners, arborists, biologists, engineers and landscape architects, on using regulatory tools that influence the preservation and growth of trees and tree canopy.
Metro Vancouver Natural Hazard Data Inventory - Final Report1789172/17/2023 10:57:24 PM99 Metro Vancouver Natural Hazard Data Inventory Final Report accompanies the Metro Vancouver Natural Hazard Data Inventory, providing additional detail on the project methods, results, possible next steps, and limitations.
Social Equity in Planning – Social Equity Spatial Analysis Case Studies Final Report (Phase 3, March 2023)3115903/6/2023 8:27:49 AM131 Social Equity Spatial Analysis Case Studies were a component of the third phase of the Social Equity in Regional Growth Management study and demonstrated how an equity lens could be applied to planning work through spatial analysis and the creation of case study maps.
European Chafer Beetle Best Management Practices - August 202114507010/5/2021 5:33:15 PM1709 researchers and practitioners learn more about the biology and control of European chafer beetle in British Columbia, it is anticipated that the recommended best management practices may change over time and this document will be updated.
Urban Tree List for Metro Vancouver in a Changing Climate 21688411/21/2022 11:01:11 AM5843 easy to download and print list of over 300 tree species assessed for suitability to the current and projected future climate in the Metro Vancouver region. Essentially a short version of the trees listed in the database.
Metro Vancouver Social Equity and Regional Growth - Final Report (2021)924371/24/2021 1:56:13 PM5387 study looks at how the concept of social equity could be applied to regional growth management through the regional growth strategy and other regional planning activities. It includes a quantitative assessment of disparity in the region through a set of 49 Inequity Baseline maps and an “Inequity Index Map.” It begins to assess qualitative aspects of social equity in the Metro Vancouver region through a series of “Listening and Learning” engagement sessions. Findings from the Inequity Baseline maps and the Listening and Learning sessions were analyzed and used to develop a set of recommendations for integrating social equity into regional growth management.
Regional Growth Strategy - Metro Vancouver 2040: Shaping Our Future2597203/27/2020 11:12:57 AM20507 Vancouver’s Regional Growth Strategy is one plan among a suite of interconnected management plans developed around Metro Vancouver’s Sustainability Framework. The Regional Growth Strategy focuses on land use policies to guide the future development of the region and support the efficient provision of transportation, regional infrastructure and community services. In combination with other management plans, Metro Vancouver’s Regional Growth Strategy can help meet the region’s priorities and mandates and support the long-term commitment to sustainability.
Urban Forest Climate Adaptation Framework for Tree Species Selection, Planting and Management2168965/17/2017 2:31:35 PM5265 Urban Forest Adaptation Framework provides a synthesis of climate adaptation knowledge and tools to support to the development and implementation of municipal urban forest plans across the region.
Purple Loosestrife Best Management Practices - August 202114453610/6/2021 4:44:44 PM928 loosestrife was first introduced to Atlantic North America in the 1800’s, both unintentionally by European ships, and intentionally as an ornamental, medicinal or apiary plant.
Regional Food System Strategy (Feb 2011)2140299/12/2014 2:14:48 PM3807 Regional Food System Strategy is focused on how actions at the regional level can moves us toward a sustainable, resilient and healthy food system while recognizing that the Metro Vancouver foods system is affected by influences at the global scale.
Metro 205018672/27/2023 4:02:44 PM12411 Vancouver’s Regional Growth Strategy, Metro 2050, is a long-range vision for how the region will manage population, dwelling unit, and employment growth forecasted to come to this region over the next 30 years. It contains goals, strategies, and policies to shape and accommodate growth in a way that supports the development of a compact urban area and complete communities, and which protects important lands such as Conservation and Recreation, Agricultural, Industrial, and Rural lands.
Hedge Bindweed Best Management Practices - August 20212545279/29/2021 2:41:24 PM3426 bindweed (Calystegia sepium subsp. sepium) is a familiar sight from spring until fall in urban natural areas and gardens in Metro Vancouver. It is found twining around other plants and structures, often forming a tangled mass (Melymuka & Bradtke, 2013). It is a persistent plant that spreads by underground stems and roots that can resprout from fragments of these structures left in the soil (Washington State University, 2015).
Himalayan Balsam Best Management Practices - August 202116720110/6/2021 4:38:43 PM4184 balsam is native to the Western Himalayas, most likely brought to Canada in the early 1900s as an ornamental plant. Its high reproductive output, early germination, rich nectar production, hardiness, rapid growth and habitat preference have allowed the species to spread rapidly, dominate landscapes, and compete with and displace native plant species.
Invasive Species and Toxic Plant Disposal Options for Practitioners and Commercial Customers24892/9/2023 2:13:32 PM98 following list is intended for use by practitioners and commercial customers, not by residents. Residents who wish to dispose of invasive plants or soil containing invasive species should contact their municipality directly for disposal advice.
Regional Parking Study Technical Report2140363/26/2019 8:53:36 AM1976 Regional Parking Study Technical Report.
Regional Industrial Lands Strategy Report867426/18/2020 2:12:59 PM5421 lands are crucial to supporting a prosperous and sustainable regional economy. Industrial lands accommodate over one-quarter of the region’s total employment, and contribute to the region’s economic well-being, along with important linkages to transportation, trade, and taxation matters. Across the region, Metro Vancouver’s industrial lands serve as home to a wide range of employment activities that, in turn, play a crucial role in supporting the broader regional, provincial, and national economies.
Himalayan Blackberry Fact Sheet - August 20212428359/30/2021 12:38:13 AM3209 blackberry was first introduced to BC as a berry crop. This plant can grow almost anywhere. It spreads by seed (from birds and people spreading berries) and by rooting from stems that touch the ground. As a result, it is one of the most widespread invasive plants in Metro Vancouver.
Hedge Bindweed Fact Sheet - August 20212545253/29/2021 8:24:48 AM532 bindweed, also known as morning glory, is a familiar sight from spring through fall in urban parks and gardens in Metro Vancouver. It is found twining around other plants and structures, often forming a tangled mass. It is a persistent plant that spreads by underground stems and roots that can resprout from fragments left in the soil.
Reed Canarygrass Best Management Practices - August 20211445449/29/2021 4:39:44 PM2741 status of reed canarygrass is complicated – there has been confusion about whether the species is entirely introduced or whether it is native to the Pacific Northwest and has expanded its range through human intervention.
Yellow Archangel Best Management Practices - August 202121749610/6/2021 4:43:07 PM3898 archangel was introduced to North America from the temperate regions of Eurasia as an ornamental ground cover, prized for its unique silver variegated foliage and fast-growing nature. It has now escaped into natural habitats throughout Metro Vancouver and the Pacific Northwest, largely due to illegal green waste dumping, particularly from hanging baskets.
Yellow Flag Iris Fact Sheet - August 2021259159/29/2021 5:23:46 PM502 flag iris was introduced to North America in the early 1900s from Eurasia as an ornamental aquatic plant. It has escaped into natural areas across the continent and is found throughout the Metro Vancouver region. Unfortunately, many garden centres still sell this plant.
Feasibility of Targeted Invasive Plant Grazing in Metro Vancouver - Full Technical Report7176412/7/2022 1:43:33 PM134 report assesses the feasibility of targeted invasive plant grazing in Metro Vancouver, reviewing the efficacy, challenges, and considerations of targeted grazing treatments for control of invasive plants. Fourteen targeted grazing practitioners were interviewed to assess the operational feasibility of targeted grazing treatments. Seven target species were selected, and review of available literature and data enabled detailed assessments of targeted grazing versus other control treatments, comparing efficacy and costs. Recommended approaches for effective control of each species were provided.
Spurge Laurel Best Management Practices - June 202251305/13/2022 9:49:55 AM1867 laurel is a perennial evergreen shrub native to Eurasia, northern Africa and the Mediterranean region that was introduced to North America as an ornamental plant. Caution must be exercised when managing this species due to toxins that can cause health impacts in human and animals, including death if ingested.
English and Irish Ivies Fact Sheet - August 20212428099/16/2021 12:53:18 PM999 are two species of ivy present in Metro Vancouver – English ivy and Irish ivy. Both were introduced from Europe and western Asia as garden groundcover plants. Ivy can cover the forest floor and engulf trees, and is considered a serious invasive plant in the Metro Vancouver region. Unfortunately, many garden centres still sell several varieties of ivy.
American Bullfrog Best Management Practices - August 20212545109/29/2021 1:03:10 PM3655 bullfrogs (Lithobates catesbeianus)are large, robust frogs native to eastern North America that have become well established on British Columbia’s south coast (Province of BC, 2020). They were introduced to British Columbia starting in the 1930s as a delicacy for human consumption (BC Frogwatch, 1993). They have since escaped or have been released into natural areas in western North America (SeaGrant, 2020). Their high reproductive rate, limited predation, and ability to thrive in human disturbed habitats have allowed these invasive amphibians to establish and spread quickly (SeaGrant, 2020).
Poison Hemlock Best Management Practices - June 202251285/19/2022 12:02:25 PM1025 is widely agreed that poison hemlock is one of the world’s deadliest plants. This invasive biennial herbaceous plant is found in isolated populations in Metro Vancouver and is spreading in coastal BC.
Metro Vancouver Housing Data Book (2022)86781/24/2023 3:00:50 PM5394 Metro Vancouver Housing Data Book brings together a large collection of regional and municipal level data from a variety of sources in order to provide a comprehensive look at the region's housing market and the people impacted by it.
Metro 2050 Executive Summary686014/27/2023 3:00:46 PM331 executive summary of Metro 2050, the Regional Growth Strategy. This 4-page document provides an overview of the vision, principles, goals, strategies, targets, and new policies in Metro 2050.
Evaluation of Regional Ecosystem Connectivity2311086/25/2021 3:52:27 PM1201 the connectivity of green spaces is critical for conserving biodiversity in our region. This spatial analysis evaluates the connectivity of greenspaces in Metro Vancouver by studying the habitat requirements of eight representative species: red‐backed vole, red‐back salamander, long‐toed salamander, muskrat, great blue heron ssp. fannini, brown creeper, rufous hummingbird, and pileated woodpecker.
Update of the Sensitive Ecosystem Inventory for Metro Vancouver (2020)1100037/16/2021 1:22:51 PM1156 2014 Metro Vancouver produced the region’s first Sensitive Ecosystem Inventory (SEI) in response to the need for up-to-date, standardized ecological information to support decision making. Polygon delineation relied primarily on 2009 orthophoto imagery. An update to that inventory was conducted in 2015-2018 using 2014 imagery. The purpose of the update was primarily to document ecosystem losses over the five-year period (2009-2014). Additionally, the update incorporated new mapping and fieldwork, and made corrections where necessary. Updating the SEI will ensure it continues to be an effective and relevant land use and conservation planning tool for the region.
Wild Chervil Best Management Practices – August 202114454510/6/2021 4:43:47 PM1211 chervil was introduced from Europe, possibly in wildflower seed mixes
European Fire Ants Fact Sheet - August 20212428199/30/2021 12:27:38 AM364 fire ants were first recorded in British Columbia in 2010, and they have since impacted many communities across Metro Vancouver. They are often spread through human activities, nesting in garden and landscape materials. These ants react quickly and aggressively to defend their nest. With their distinctive swarming and stinging behaviour, they are one of the most concerning invasive species in the region.
Purple Loosestrife Fact Sheet - August 20212431259/16/2021 2:59:44 PM763 loosestrife was first introduced to eastern North America in the 1800s as a garden plant and unintentionally brought over by ships. It has invaded wetlands across the continent and is common in Metro Vancouver. It has strong roots and each plant can produce millions of seeds each year.
Metro Vancouver Tree Regulations Toolkit1103685/25/2021 5:04:43 PM8322 Toolkit is a resource for municipal staff, decision makers and other practitioners, including planners, arborists, biologists, engineers and landscape architects, on using regulatory tools that influence the preservation and growth of trees and tree canopy. This Toolkit provides a framework for selecting regulatory tools to help achieve municipal tree preservation or canopy growth objectives.
Metro Vancouver Growth Projections – Tables, 202114808412/2/2022 11:58:20 AM1872 Vancouver Growth Projections – Tables, 2021. This includes population, dwelling unit, employment, and geography.
Garlic Mustard Best Management Practices - June 202251265/13/2022 7:53:57 AM656 mustard is classed as a noxious weed within all regions of the province under the BC Weed Control Act, Weed Control Regulation, Schedule A.
Metro Vancouver Growth Projections – Methodology Report, 202125991112/2/2022 11:56:36 AM1783 modelling is intended to promote collaboration and consistency among provincial, regional, and municipal planning agencies and establish a common basis of information, assumptions, and growth and policy implementation methods.